Some tips and best practices for the writing of good apa-style results and discussion sections. This applied dissertation represents my original work, except where i have acknowledged the ideas, words, or material of other authors chapter 4: findings 29 the literature review should contain the following elements and should be distinguished through the use of apa level-2 or 3 headings: (a) an introduction to the. Of crafting, implementing and writing up the research dissertation for for ma applied psychology (coaching psychology) contact is dr david o'sullivan results (approx 2,000 – 4,000 words) this should be short, around 2,000 words , but it may turn out to be a longer section in qualitative studies. This is for phd students working on a qualitative thesis who have completed their data collection doctoral research, the two books i would recommend in particular are holliday (2007) and the 'writing up' section of silverman (2012) collected and to more general implications of your findings (alasuutari 1995: 183. Additional guidelines on using apa citation format are accessible from our web page (apa citations: a guide for psychology undergraduates) organization of apa-style papers lab reports have eight sections (see also the apa manual, chapter 2): • title page • abstract • introduction • method • results • discussion. School psychology doctoral program dissertation outline 1 final version 6/2/ 2006 instructions: double underline means the item should be a title or heading the apa manual for additional information about the introduction this chapter presents the results of the analyses, usually in order by research question, and. A psychology class as you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the following: ○ the use and documentation of their numerous sources ○ the background they provide before getting into their own study results ○ the scientific language used when reporting their results the introduction states the. These statistical tests were originally designed for normal distributed quantities of experimental results to be realistic you can't reach this desired high number for many experimental approaches if you cannot fulfill this requirement what will this number tell you there were nice contributions about statistics for life science.
The results section of an apa format paper summarizes the data that was collected and the statistical analyses that were performed the goal of this section is to report the results without any type of subjective interpretation here's how to write a results section for an apa format psychology paper. Articulate what the method section of a psychology paper is state what goes in that section state the components of a participants section draft a participants section for your own work 4 created by alice frye this may actually end up including several different numbers if there are missing data 9 created by alice frye. So, you have overcome the colossal task that is doing your dissertation research – either primary or secondary, depending on which avenue you chose very well done you now you are faced with analysing your data and writing up the results section of your dissertation if this is the position in which you. 1 writing up your results – guidelines based on apa style in a results section, your goal is to report the results of the data analyses used to test your hypotheses to do this, you need to identify your data analysis technique, report your test statistic, and provide some interpretation of the results each analysis you run should.
Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper there are elements always write the discussion for the reader remember that the focus should be to help the reader understand the follow-up clinical studies with human subjects an exam- ple comes from a. Be open to surprising findings, but don't lose track of your dissertation's main research questions, experts advise. Apa style in order to credit psychological researchers for their ideas as well as to avoid plagiarism most students think that a literature review is an objective summary of all the literature on a particular topic, and that they can simply gather articles, read them, and then summarize the findings of one article after another until.
Understand up front the necessary elements that will constitute each section of your dissertation this broad overview is a prelude to the steps involved in each of methodology 4 findings 5 analysis and synthesis 6 conclusions and recommendations chapter 1: introduction this chapter makes a case for the signifi. The results chapter of your dissertation is one of the most important components of your study, where the accurate statistical analysis must be performed dissertation editing: while the results chapter should be edited properly, we can edit your entire dissertation for both apa and for basic english grammar, style,.
This section is quite long as it also serves as a reference for the writing-up of your dissertation the main although the book is aimed at psychology students, a lot of the material is relevant to those who study deaf studies as well w a summary – one page – which contains the background, study, results and implications. Write your report the information contained might help fill in some detail but is no substitute for using your knowledge of what a report of an empirical study 'looks like' remember is up to you and you alone whether or not you take notice of the suggestions given here of the methods, main results and conclusions 34. Writing your third year psychology dissertation in the uk: a practical guide dr gavin sullivan contents introduction 1 the relevant literature, generate an area to explore or hypotheses to expect, complete the departmental requirements for ethical approval (if required), collect and analyse the data and write up the results. Writing the results section the results section is where you get to report what the data reveals however, you do not get to provide interpretation here in fact, the rule is “results only” the “fun” part of what you think the results means gets written in the discussion section this does not mean there is no creativity allowed.
You will need to check which style of reporting is preferred in your field for example a scientific dissertation would probably have very clear separation between the results and the discussion of those results whereas a social science dissertation might have an overall chapter called findings, bringing the results and their. Written for undergraduate students and new graduate students in psychology ( experimental), this handout provides information on writing in psychology and on experimental report and experimental article writing. Abstract write this last it is an overview of your whole thesis, and is between 200 -300 words see writing abstracts for honours theses for what to include in your abstract or see some example abstracts often the easiest part of the thesis to write outlines which method here are some suggestions for writing up results.
5 days ago the purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being “ perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate l2 thesis students writing the discussion section writing in psychology course syllabus. Reporting and discussing your findings this page deals with the central part of the thesis, where you present the data that forms the basis of your investigation, shaped by the way you have thought about it in other words, you tell your readers the story that has emerged from your findings the form of your chapters should. For formulating a thesis, providing a motive for the thesis, supporting this thesis with convincing evidence, and the format employed in psychological writing ( apa style, discussed below) reflects the principles of clarity research results: data becomes evidence once it is evaluated in the context of a hypothesis empirical.